Cumbria is home to a number of ‘lucks’, or drinking vessels that are believed to protect a home and its residents from ill fortune. Perhaps the most famous is the Luck of Edenhall.
Edenhall is a small village near Langwathby in the Eden valley, and it was the seat of the Musgrave family for several hundred years.
The Luck is a glass beaker, with blue, green, red and white enamel and gilding, in a case bearing the initials, ‘IHS’ – the Greek rendering of Jesus. The glass is believed to be of Syrian or Egyptian origin, and it was made some time around the 13th or 14th century; a similar one was gifted to the Cathedral of Douai in 1329. The combination of location and date strongly suggest that the glass was brought back from the Crusades.
The Musgraves referred to the glass as their ‘Luck’ at least as early as the 1670s, although a later Musgrave, Sir William, stated in the Gentleman’s Magazine of 1791 that it had been in family hands since the 15th century – the date of their arrival in Edenhall. Despite the nigh-on guaranteed link with a crusader ancestor, by this date, faeries were in the frame (as they so often are in Cumbria!).
He wrote, ‘a party of Fairies were drinking and making merry round a well near the Hall, called St Cuthbert’s well; but being interrupted by the intrusion of some curious people, they were frightened, and made a hasty retreat, and left the cup in question: one of the last screaming out,
“If this cup should break or fall
Farewell the Luck of Edenhall!”.’
Stories of the theft or gift of faery vessels are not uncommon throughout northern Europe.
So, what happened to Edenhall? In 1926, the Luck was sent to the Victoria & Albert Museum, still intact, and it is still there. In 1934, the house at Edenhall was demolished.
There are other ‘Lucks’ in Cumbria, notably:
- The Luck of Muncaster – a vessel given to the castle by Henry VI in 1463.
- The Luck of Burrell Green, near Great Salkeld, dated to c.1417.
- The Luck of Workington – a gift from Mary, Queen of Scots, to Sir Henry Curwen in 1568.
- The Luck of Haresceugh Castle, near Renwick – both vessel and castle have vanished.
- The Luck of Nether Haresceugh – recently still intact.
- The Luck of Skirsgill Hall – just dated to 1732: perhaps they heard about Edenhall!
- The Luck of Rydal Hall – dated to 1736 – ditto.
See http://collections.vam.ac.uk/item/O3311/beaker-and-case-the-luck-of-edenhall/ for the Victoria & Albert Museum’s entry on the Luck of Edenhall. They have the vessel on display.